Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra, is a landlocked microstate located in the eastern side of the Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France. It is the sixth smallest nation in Europe, having an area of 468km sq, and an estimated population of 85,000 in 2012. It’s capital Andorra la Vella, is the highest capital city in Europe at an elevation of 1,023 metres above sea level. The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken.
Created under a charter in A.D. 988, the present Principality was formed A.D. 1278. It is known as a principality as it is a monarchy headed by two Co-Princes – the Spanish/Roman Catholic Bishop of Urgell and the President of France.